Acupuncture helps to raise progesterone level to get pregnant

Women primarily produce progesterone in the ovaries. Following ovulation, the production of progesterone increases rapidly. Its concentration reaches its peak during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle, particularly from day 19 to day 22. Progesterone plays several essential roles in the female reproductive system. It prepares the inner lining of the uterus, known as the endometrium, for potential implantation of a fertilized egg. Additionally, it inhibits further ovulation and thickens the cervical mucus, making it more difficult for sperm to penetrate.

If fertilization does not occur, the level of progesterone drops, leading to the onset of menstruation. However, in the event of fertilization and successful implantation, the placenta generates a significantly higher amount of progesterone during pregnancy. Throughout this period, progesterone plays a crucial role in preventing miscarriage. It achieves this by reducing the maternal immune response, enabling the acceptance of the pregnancy. Moreover, progesterone decreases the contractility of the uterine smooth muscles, thereby promoting a stable environment for the embryo and fetus to develop.

A recent study has examined the effects of acupuncture on women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF). The findings revealed that acupuncture can increase the levels of estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P) in these patients, while also promoting blood flow in the endometrial arteries. Specifically, acupuncture was found to elevate both E2 and P levels in the bloodstream, thereby reducing the incidence of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), a potential complication of IVF treatment. These results suggest that acupuncture has the potential to restore the balance and regularity of sex hormones in infertile women. This is achieved by decreasing the levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), while simultaneously increasing E2 and P levels. Such hormonal equilibrium is beneficial for optimal follicle development and maturation, regular ovulation, and the normal physiological function of the uterine lining.

In summary, progesterone plays a vital role in the female reproductive system. It is primarily produced in the ovaries, with its secretion intensifying after ovulation. Progesterone levels are highest during the luteal phase, specifically from day 19 to day 22 of the menstrual cycle. Its functions include preparing the uterine lining for implantation, inhibiting further ovulation, and thickening the cervical mucus to impede sperm penetration. In the absence of fertilization, progesterone levels decline, resulting in menstruation. However, during pregnancy, the placenta assumes the responsibility of progesterone production, safeguarding against miscarriage and facilitating the development of the embryo and fetus.

Recent research has highlighted the potential of acupuncture in enhancing hormone levels and promoting blood flow in women undergoing IVF treatment. Acupuncture has been shown to increase estradiol and progesterone concentrations while reducing the risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. These findings suggest that acupuncture can restore hormonal balance in infertile women by regulating FSH, LH, E2, and P levels. Ultimately, this normalization promotes follicle development, regular ovulation, and optimal functioning of the uterine lining.

Jing-yu Xu et al Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2022; 2022: 3854117.

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