Welcome to my blog
Acupuncture for fertility and miscarriage
My Guest blog articles and Reviews
Guest blog articles
Reviews and articles
Maggie Ju (2014) Current opinion in acupuncture on stroke rehabilitation
The Journal of Chinese Medicine And Acupuncture Volume 21 Issue 2 September 2014 P9
Maggie Ju. (2015) What Part Does Acupuncture Play in IVF?
The Journal of Chinese Medicine And Acupuncture Volume 22 Issue 1 March 2015 P21
Maggie Ju (2020) The Potentiality of COVID-19 Treatment with Chinese Herbal Medicine in the UK
The Journal of Chinese Medicine And Acupuncture Volume 27 Issue 2 November 2020 P9
Friday, 23 April 2021
One research is based on virus tests from 370,000 people in the general UK population - one of the largest to date. It provides further real-world evidence that the vaccines being used in the UK to protect against Covid-19 are effective at protecting people against coronavirus infections. people who had been vaccinated with a single dose of either the Oxford-AstraZeneca or Pfizer-BioNTech vaccines were 65% less likely to get a new Covid infection. Those who had received a second vaccine dose of Pfizer were 90% less likely to be infected. Three weeks after their jab, given between December 2020 and early April 2021, infections with symptoms fell by 74%, while infections with no reported symptoms fell by 57%. Both vaccines were effective against the Kent variant (B117). Another study, with 46,000 adults who had been vaccinated with one dose, found strong antibody responses in all age groups which were lasting beyond 10 weeks.
Sunday, 11 April 2021
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) provides national guidance and advice to improve health and social care in England.
NICE guidelines are evidence-based recommendations for health and care in England.
They set out the care and services suitable for most people with a specific condition or need, and people in particular circumstances or settings.
The guidelines help health and social care professionals to: prevent ill health, promote and protect good health, improve the quality of care and services, adapt and provide health and social care services.
Chronic pain is often difficult to treat and can have a significant impact on individuals and their families and carers. Chronic pain may affect between 30% and 50% of the population. Chronic primary pain is the pain with no clear underlying condition or impact of pain is out of proportion to any observable injury or disease.
NICE recommends acupuncture for chronic primary pain April 2021
Acupuncture for chronic primary pain
1.2.5Consider a single course of acupuncture or dry needling, within a traditional Chinese or Western acupuncture system, for people aged 16 years and over to manage chronic primary pain, but only if the course:
is delivered in a community setting and
is delivered by a band 7 (equivalent or lower) healthcare professional with appropriate training and
is made up of no more than 5 hours of healthcare professional time (the number and length of sessions can be adapted within these boundaries) or
is delivered by another healthcare professional with appropriate training and/or in another setting for equivalent or lower cost.
Why the committee made the recommendation
Many studies (27 in total) showed that acupuncture reduced pain and improved quality of life in the short term (up to 3 months) compared with usual care or sham acupuncture. There was not enough evidence to determine longer-term benefits. The committee acknowledged the difficulty in blinding for sham procedures, but agreed that the benefit compared with a sham procedure indicated a specific treatment effect of acupuncture. There was a wide variation among the studies in the type and intensity of the intervention used, and the studies were from many different countries. The committee agreed that the type of acupuncture or dry needling should depend on the individual needs of the person with pain.
Two economic evaluations (1 in the UK) showed that acupuncture offered a good balance of benefits and costs for people with chronic neck pain. However, both studies had limitations; a notable limitation being that the costs of acupuncture seemed low. Threshold analysis based on these studies indicated the maximum number of hours of a band 6 and 7 healthcare professional's time that would make the intervention cost effective.
An original economic model was developed for this guideline, which compared acupuncture with no acupuncture. The model used data from studies with usual care comparisons, not comparisons with sham acupuncture, because the committee agreed that a usual care comparison in an economic model better reflects the real world benefit of the intervention. The model showed that acupuncture was likely to be cost effective. The committee considered the results to be robust, and agreed that the studies used in the model were representative of the whole evidence review. Acupuncture remained cost effective when the assumed benefits and costs were varied (sensitivity analysis).
Overall, the committee agreed that there was a large evidence base showing acupuncture to be clinically effective in the short term (3 months); the original economic modelling also showed it is likely to be cost effective. However, they were uncertain whether the beneficial effects would be sustained long term and were aware of the high resource impact of implementation. Taking these factors into account, the committee made a recommendation to consider acupuncture or dry needling for chronic primary pain, caveated by the factors likely to make the intervention cost effective. These were: only if delivered in the community, and with a maximum of 5 treatment hours (based on the average resource use in the trials in the model and on the threshold analysis), and from a band 7 (equivalent cost or lower) healthcare professional (based on the threshold analysis). It was agreed there may be different ways of delivering the service that enable acupuncture to be delivered for the same costs, which would equally be appropriate. The committee agreed that discontinuing before this total amount of course time would be an option if the person finds that the first few sessions are not effective.
No evidence was found to inform a recommendation for repeat courses of acupuncture. The committee agreed that further research would help to inform future practice (see the recommendation for research on repeat courses of acupuncture for chronic primary pain).
Sunday, 14 March 2021
There are many techniques in massage therapy. The most common form of massage therapy in Western countries is called Swedish or classical massage; Other styles include sports massage, clinical massage. Massage traditions derived from Eastern cultures, such as Shiatsu and Tuina.
Adding acupuncture to your massage therapy can achieve better effects or acupuncture is a good replacement of massage therapy, if you can’t get massage treatment.
Thursday, 11 March 2021
Scientists monitor changes in the virus, including changes to the spikes on the surface of the virus to understand how changes to the virus might affect how it spreads and what happens to people who are infected with it.
Multiple variants of the virus that causes COVID-19 are circulating globally:
In the UK a variant called B.1.1.7 with a large number of mutations was identified in the autumn of 2020. This variant spreads more easily and quickly than other variants. It has since been detected in many countries around the world.
In South Africa, another variant called B.1.351 emerged independently of B.1.1.7. Originally detected in early October 2020, B.1.351 shares some mutations with B.1.1.7.
In Brazil, a variant called P.1 emerged that was first identified in travelers from Brazil, who were tested during routine screening at an airport in Japan, in early January. This variant contains a set of additional mutations that may affect its ability to be recognized by antibodies.
In India, a variant called B.1.617 was first detected in October. One of its mutations is similar to those seen in variants identified in South Africa and Brazil which may help the virus evade antibodies in the immune system.
These variants seem to spread more easily and quickly than other variants, which may lead to more cases of COVID-19.
The good news is that so far, studies suggest that antibodies generated through vaccination with currently authorized vaccines recognize these variants.
Tuesday, 15 December 2020
The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine was found to be safe and effective by the UK medicines regulator and has been approved for mass use in over-16s. Margaret Keenan who was turning 91 was the first person in the world to receive a dose. The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine has manufacturing sites in Europe and the US. Initial vaccine doses for the UK are being produced at Pfizer's site in Puurs, Belgium.
The vaccine from Pfizer is made using genetic material RNA, a part of the virus's genetic code. This is injected into patients to activate patient’s immune cells. This technique never before developed on this scale - it has strict temperature requirements and needs to be stored at a very cold -70C to prevent it from degrading. This means it needs to be transported in a carefully controlled deep-freeze delivery chain.
The Oxford vaccine is a genetically modified common cold virus that used to infect chimpanzees. it can't trigger infection in humans because it has had a tiny bit of genetic material removed. A fragment of the genetic code for coronavirus is inserted into this gap. This forms the vaccine. The technical term is a viral vector vaccine. The Oxford vaccine has a crucial advantage - its vials can be stored and transported at normal fridge temperature.
Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine approved for use in UK just before New Year 2021.
The first people will receive the Oxford University/AstraZeneca coronavirus vaccine on 4 January 2021 as the NHS rapidly expands COVID-19 vaccination programmes across the UK.
The NHS is the first health service in the world to deploy the life-saving jab, which has been authorised by the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) after meeting strict standards of safety, quality and effectiveness. It is the only approved vaccine which can be stored at fridge temperatures.
Brian Pinker, 82-year-old has become the first person in the world to receive the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine since it was approved for use in the UK.
Friday, 4 December 2020
There was a paper that reported acupuncture for threatened miscarriage with subchorionic hematoma. They found that acupuncture combined with dextroprogesterone can improve the effective rate of patients with threatened abortion in early pregnancy complicated with subchorionic hematoma.
Jia-Man Wu et al Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2019 Oct 12;39(10):1046-50.
Thursday, 3 December 2020
There are two transverse perineal muscles, superficial and deep transverse perineal. They are part of the pelvic floor. Superficial transverse perineal muscle originates from tendinous fibers from the ischial tuberosity of the sitting bone, runs medially and ends at the perineal body the central tendinous point of the perinium with the bulbospongiosus muscle in front. Deep transverse perineal muscle originates from the ischium, runs medially, and ends at vagina and the perineal body posteriorly and blends with the opposite side muscle. They act to support the perineal body and pelvic floor.
The UK was the first country to prove use of covid vaccine. In a few month time, millions of people had their first dose of covid vaccine. R...
Can acupuncture help patients with stroke? Stroke is a serious condition which blood supply to the brain is cut off. It is the second most...
Hemiplegia which is severer than hemiparesis is paralysis of one half of the body on the same side. Brain damage is one of the causes. The p...
Numbness is a loss of sensation or feeling in a part of the body. It's often accompanied by other abnormal sensations, such as a pins-an...