Welcome to my blog
Acupuncture for fertility and miscarriage
My Guest blog articles and Reviews
Guest blog articles
Reviews and articles
Maggie Ju (2014) Current opinion in acupuncture on stroke rehabilitation
The Journal of Chinese Medicine And Acupuncture Volume 21 Issue 2 September 2014 P9
Maggie Ju. (2015) What Part Does Acupuncture Play in IVF?
The Journal of Chinese Medicine And Acupuncture Volume 22 Issue 1 March 2015 P21
Maggie Ju (2020) The Potentiality of COVID-19 Treatment with Chinese Herbal Medicine in the UK
The Journal of Chinese Medicine And Acupuncture Volume 27 Issue 2 November 2020 P9
Sunday, 16 December 2018
The head’s blood supply comes mainly from the external and internal carotid arteries.
The internal carotid artery travels up from the aortic arch just outside the heart. It travels into the brain to provide oxygenated blood to the eyes, the front of the brain, and portions of the scalp.
The external carotid artery helps supply part of the brain through its many branches, and it also gives blood to the thyroid gland in the neck.
These arteries go through the neck and reach the head.
The vertebral arteries arising from the subclavian arteries and continuing to the basilar artery is another source of the blood vessels to the brain.
In the brain, a circle consisting to of two carotid arteries and the basilar artery form the circle of Willis. This supplies blood in the center of the brain and branches to the cerebrum, pons, medulla oblongata, cerebellum, and the beginning of the spinal cord.
Deoxygenated blood leaves the brain and the head and goes back to the heart through veins accompanied with the arteries.
The cranial venous sinuses also remove blood from the head. Unlike normal veins, these are large channels that drain blood.
Saturday, 15 December 2018
Surrounding the hip joint are many tough ligaments that prevent the dislocation of the joint. The strong muscles of the hip region also help to hold the hip joint together and prevent dislocation.
Injury of ligaments and muscles around the hip joints is a common cause of hip pain. Acupuncture can help reduce hip pain.
Friday, 14 December 2018
Treatment for primary period pain is divided into two categoies: traditional (ie, medical and surgical) and alternative. Traditional approach includes nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which inhibit PG synthesis, combined oral contraceptives and long-acting hormonal therapies. Alternative approach is as follows: vitamins including vitamin E and B1, previous research suggested that vitamin E and B1 significantly reduce period pain through inhibition of PG synthesis; minerals such as magnesium; diet containing omega-3 fatty acids (such as fish) which lead to the uterine production of less potent PGs.
Acupuncture. Acupuncture has analgesic effect. There was one study which investigated the effect of acupuncture in the treatment of primary period pain. The result showed significant difference of pain relief between acupuncture group and control group (without acupuncture). Acupuncture is very effective on primary period pain probably by regulating prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) level in menstrual fluid and also regulating hormones related receptors.
Tuesday, 11 December 2018
Friday, 7 December 2018
Thursday, 6 December 2018
The psoas muscle originates from lumbar spine, crosses the outer edge of each pubis, and attaches at the femur (thigh bone) after it joins iliacus muscle. Your iliacus and psoas muscles are together known as the iliopsoas. The psoas major is divided into a superficial and deep part. Between the two layers lies the lumbar plexus (nerves to the lower limbs). The main function of psoas is to flex the hip joint and also rotate laterally and adduct weakly to the hip. It plays essential role of walking, standing, running. Tightness of the psoas can result in spasms or lower back pain by compressing the lumbar discs. Tightened and inflamed psoas can lead to irritation and entrapment of the ilioinguinal and the iliohypogastric nerves, resulting in a sensation of heat or water running down the front of the thigh. Tight psoas pulls the low back vertebrae forward and down toward the femur, pushing the abdominal contents outward and overarching in the lumbar spine. The inflamed iliopsoas or trigger points in the muscle can cause pain in the region of the lower back and the upper thigh. As a result, walking or standing could be painful.
Wednesday, 5 December 2018
Infection is one of the most common causes leading to painful urination. Infections can occur in any part of the urinary tract from kidney, bladder to urethra. Apart from urination pain, there are often other symptoms associated with such as, more frequent and urgent urination, fever, strong smelling urine, cloudy or bloody urine.
Interstitial cystitis (IC) is also known as painful bladder syndrome. It presents urination pain burning, stinging. When examine, it shows pain and tenderness in bladder and pelvic region.
Urethritis is a condition in which the urethra, becomes inflamed and irritated. Painful urination is the primary symptom of this condition.
Prostatitis is a cause of painful urination in men. It is the inflammation of the prostate gland. It presents urinary burning, stinging, and discomfort.
Vulvovaginitis is an inflammation of the vulva and vagina in women. It can cause urination pain.
Nonspecific painful urination. If the causes for painful urination, this is nonspecific. The causes need to be rule out by all the available tests.
Acupuncture can help, if you have painful urination.
Monday, 3 December 2018
a natural part of the aging process. As people get older, their skin gets thinner, drier, and less elastic, and less able to protect itself from damage. This leads to wrinkles, creases, and lines on the skin. Facial expression stops, the muscles are relaxed, the skin should unfold. If the muscles are not relaxed completely, the skin will stay folded and the lines will not go. When a person is young, the skin springs back, but as they get older, the skin loses its flexibility. Springing back becomes harder and less frequent, resulting in more permanent grooves.
UV light accelerates wrinkle formation. UV light breaks down the collagen and elastin fibers in the skin which causes the skin to become weaker and less flexible. The skin starts to droop, and wrinkles appear. Regular smoking accelerates the aging process of skin, because of the reduced blood supply to the skin. Alcohol dehydrates the skin, and dry skin is more likely to wrinkle.
Facial acupuncture can help prevent and reduce wrinkles. It can relax facial expression muscles unfolding the skin and also increases collagen and elastin fibers synthesis. It improves skin blood circulation and keeps the skin hydrated.
Friday, 30 November 2018
Stress incontinence: Urine leaks when bladder under pressure such as coughing.
Urge incontinence: Urine leaks when a sudden, intense urge need to pass urine occurs.
Overflow incontinence: Frequent leaking when bladder is not fully emptied.
Total incontinence: The bladder fails to store urine causing constant or frequent leaking.
The pelvic floor muscles including urethral sphincter become weak, damaged is one of the causes. Pelvic floor can be damaged during child birth, or increased abdominal pressure such as pregnancy, surgery neurological conditions such as parkinson’s disease, connective tissue disorders.
Other causes include drinking too much alcohol or caffeine, dehydration, constipation, overactive bladder, urinary tract infection, increased age.
Wednesday, 28 November 2018
Pelvic pain is the pain presented at the low abdomen and very common in women. Here are some common causes:
Pain from the reproductive system:
Period pain and cramps is the pain during the periods. The typical period pain will occur immediately before a woman starts her period or soon after the period starts, as the uterus contracts and sheds its lining. The pain may feel similar to a muscle spasm.
Ovulation pain is the pain at one side of the pelvis in the middle of the menstrual cycle around ovulation time. Ovulation is that the ovary releases an egg, along with some other fluid. The egg will be picked up by a fallopian tube and the fluid can spread within the pelvic area, sometimes, causing irritation and pain in the pelvis.
Endometriosis is that uterine lining shed and the cells grow outside of the uterus causing bleeding, inflammation and pain. Pain severity varies from mild to severe.
Ovary cysts occur when the ovaries fail to release an egg causing bloating, pressure, or pelvic pain on the side of the body with the cyst.
Fibroids are lumps of muscle and fibrous tissue within the uterus. It can cause pain excessive bleeding, period cramps.
The embryo implants and grows elsewhere other than uterus. A woman may feel very sharp pain, and cramps in her pelvis on one side of the pelvis. There could be other symptoms associated such as nausea, vaginal bleeding, and dizziness. This is life-threatening condition and needs immediate medical care.
Pain from urinary system
Interstitial cystitis or bladder pain is normally in the middle of the pelvis or low abdomen close to the pubic bone. Other symptoms include painful urination, frequent and urgent urination, and pain during sex.
Urinary stones are from minerals built up and formed crystals in the bladder or kidneys that often cause pain in the pelvis or lower back.
Pain from digestive system
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is inflammable bowel disorder causing low abdominal pain and constipation, diarrhea and bloating.
Appendicitis is inflammation in appendix presenting pain at the right low abdomen.
Scars in the abdomen from previous inflammation can cause pelvic pain.
Infectious diseases and tumors
Such as urinary tract infections, sexually transmitted infections and pelvic inflammatory disease and various tumors.
Tuesday, 27 November 2018
Research a review analyzed recent studies of acupuncture on migraines. There were 62 studies involved 4,947 participants. The treatment duration varied from 1 month to 6 months. Result has shown that Acupuncture was more effective for short-term treatment compared with no treatment. Compared with medication, manual acupuncture resulted in better efficacy or safety, especially at follow-up times of up to 3 months after treatment.
Jiang Y et al Front Pharmacol. 2018 Oct 26;9:1190. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2018.01190. eCollection 2018.
Monday, 26 November 2018
What can you do to help the follicles (eggs) develop? Having acupuncture treatment is a good way to help the eggs development. Acupuncture reduces sympathetic nerve activities and release tension of the body; this will facilitate blood flow to the ovaries to provide more oxygen and nutrients for the fast growing egg’s needs and also take toxins away from the ovaries.
Sunday, 25 November 2018
Friday, 23 November 2018
The symptoms of tech neck pain include pain in the neck, upper back, and/or shoulder; the pain may be mild or intense and feeling stabbing, achiness and soreness; the pain is associated with neck, upper back or shoulder tightness and reduced movement of the region; it may also accompanied with headache due to muscle spasm at the base of the neck; pain may be worse with neck movement.
Acupuncture is very effective to release tech neck pain by releasing muscle spasm and tension.
Acupuncture can help some cases depending on the causes. It is worth trying.
Wednesday, 21 November 2018
Acupuncture was expanded internationally to Korea ,Vietnam and Japan in Asian and then to Europe and America. The techniques were developed such as electrified needling, fire needling and cluster needling etc. It also developed combined with other therapists such as dry needling and medical acupuncture.
Based on advanced science and research, new theory about how acupuncture works also established. Many studies in animals and humans have demonstrated that acupuncture can cause multiple biological responses. These responses can occur locally, i.e., at or close to the site of application, or at a distance, mediated mainly by sensory neurons to many structures within the central nervous system. This can lead to activation of pathways affecting various physiological systems in the brain as well as in the periphery. Endogenous opioids in acupuncture analgesia is well established. opioid peptides are released during acupuncture and that the analgesic effects of acupuncture are at least partially explained by their actions. That opioid antagonists such as naloxone reverse the analgesic effects of acupuncture further strengthens this hypothesis. Stimulation by acupuncture may also activate the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland, resulting in a broad spectrum of systemic effects. Alteration in the secretion of neurotransmitters and neurohormones and changes in the regulation of blood flow, both centrally and peripherally, have been documented. There is also evidence that there are alterations in immune functions produced by acupuncture. Which of these and other physiological changes mediate clinical effects is at present unclear.
Tuesday, 20 November 2018
Many studies in animals and humans have demonstrated that acupuncture can cause multiple biological responses. Endorphins are released during acupuncture and that the analgesic effects of acupuncture are at least partially explained by their actions. That opioid antagonists such as naloxone reverse the analgesic effects of acupuncture further strengthens this hypothesis.
The hormone dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is produced in the adrenal gland. In turn, DHEA helps produce other hormones, including testosterone and estrogen. Natural DHEA levels peak in early adulthood and then slowly fall as you age.
What is already known on DHEA
Research on DHEA for specific conditions includes:
Aging. But research hasn't proved its anti-aging effects.
Depression. DHEA might be more effective at treating depression than placebo.
Osteoporosis. Research suggests DHEA might improve bone mineral density in elderly people with low DHEA. But improvements in bone density were small compared with those seen after treatment with approved osteoporosis medications.
Vaginal atrophy. Limited research suggests that DHEA might improve vaginal dryness in postmenopausal women.
Research on the effects of DHEA on well-being and body composition has had mixed results. Studies have shown quality control of this supplement to often be low.
What is Mayo clinic suggestion?
While some research suggests that DHEA might be slightly helpful in treating osteoporosis, depression and vaginal atrophy, there's little evidence to support anti-aging claims. Also, DHEA use can cause serious side effects. Avoid using this supplement.
Safety and side effects
DHEA is a hormone. Use of this supplement might increase levels of androgen and have a steroid effect. DHEA also might increase the risk of hormone-sensitive cancers.
Don't use DHEA if you're pregnant or breast-feeding.
Use of DHEA also might worsen psychiatric disorders and increase the risk of mania in people who have mood disorders.
DHEA also might cause oily skin, acne and unwanted, male-pattern hair growth in women.
Monday, 19 November 2018
Sunday, 18 November 2018
Before embryo transfer, the following Acupoints were used:
PC6 (Neiguan), SP8 (Diji), LR3 (Taichong), GV20 (Baihui), and ST29 (Guilai).
After embryo transfer, the following Acupoints were used:
ST36 (Zusanli), SP6 (Sanyinjiao), SP10 (Xuehai), and LI4 (Hegu).
Also some ear points are used including ear point 55 (Shenmen), ear point 58 (Zhigong), ear point 22(Neifenmi), and ear point 34 (Naodian).
Clinical pregnancies were documented in 34 of 80 patients (42.5%) in the acupuncture group, whereas pregnancy rate was only 26.3% (21 out of 80 patients) in the control group.
They concluded acupuncture seems to be a useful tool for improving pregnancy rate after ART.
The mechanism of acupuncture used around embryo transfer is to reduce stress, relax uterus and increase uterine blood flow to provide best environment for embryos.
Paulus WE et al Fertil Steril. 2002 Apr;77(4):721-4.
Friday, 16 November 2018
The cause of SAD is not fully understood, shorter days seem to be a main trigger for it. Reduced sunlight in winter can disrupt your body’s internal clock, or circadian rhythm. This 24-hour clock responds to cues in your surroundings, especially light and darkness. At night, the brain produces melatonin, helping you sleep. Light stops the brain producing melatonin to help keep you awake. Shortened daylight in winter may increase the production of melatonin and affect the body’s internal clock or circadian rhythm leading to SAD in certain people.
To cope with winter blue or SAD, eating healthy food, keeping active, taking vitamin D may help. Also light therapy and talking therapy may help too. Don’t forget acupuncture. Acupuncture can help reduce winter blue symptoms such as fatigue, low mood and depression.
The tension level of the occipitofrontalis muscle was detected under stress condition. Trigger points can be found in this muscle. One at the forehead just above to the eyebrow and another one at the back of the head above the neck. Muscle tension can also be found under palpation.
Acupuncutre can help release the tension of this muscle to reduce emotional stress and tension.
Thursday, 15 November 2018
Wednesday, 14 November 2018
Tuesday, 13 November 2018
Stress impairs frontal lobe function. Many of these early studies showed that stress exposure impaired the performance of tasks that required complex, flexible thinking which is performed by frontal lobe. Prolonged stress is a major risk factor for depression.
Acupuncture reduces stress.
Monday, 12 November 2018
Sochos A, and Bennett A. Altern Ther Health Med. 2016 Mar;22(3):8-16.
Acupuncture can help reduce headaches both migraines and tension-type headaches and reduce fatigue.
Friday, 9 November 2018
Symptoms of Raynaud's disease include: cold fingers or toes; color changes in the skin in response to cold or stress; numb, prickly feeling or stinging pain upon warming or stress relief. During an attack of Raynaud's, affected areas of the skin usually first turn white. Then, they often turn blue and feel cold and numb. As you warm and circulation improves, the affected areas may turn red, throb, tingle or swell. Although Raynaud's most commonly affects fingers and toes, it can also affect other areas, such as the nose, lips, ears and even nipples.
Cold temperatures are most likely to trigger an attack. Exposure to cold, such as putting the hands in cold water, taking something from a freezer or being in cold air, is the most likely trigger. For some people, emotional stress can trigger an episode.
Acupuncture is effective for Raynaud's disease. This was proved by research. For example, a study investigated the effect of acupuncture on primary Raynaud’s syndrome. Seven acupuncture treatments were offer to the patients with Raynaud's disease. The result has shown that there was a significant decrease in the frequency of attacks; the mean duration of the capillary flowstop reaction decreased.
Appiah R et al J Intern Med. 1997 Feb;241(2):119-24.
Thursday, 8 November 2018
Fatigue and lack of sleep: it can make the skin dull and pale showing dark blood vessels underneath and build up fluids under the lower eyelids causing shadows under the lower eyelids.
Aging: aging is risk factor for those dark circles beneath the eyes. As one gets older, the skin becomes thinner and also loses the fat and collagen needed to maintain your skin’s elasticity. As this occurs, the dark blood vessels beneath your skin become more visible causing the area below your eyes to darken.
Eye strain: Staring at your television or computer screen can cause significant strain one the eyes. This strain blocks the blood circulation around the eyes. As a result, the skin surrounding the eyes can darken.
Dehydration: dehydration is another risk factor for dark eye circles. It makes the skin losing water and dark blood vessels would show.
Sun exposure can cause the skin to produce an excess of melanin, the pigment that provides your skin with color causing pigmentation in the surrounding skin to darken.
Treatments for dark circles under eyelids can be difficult. At most of the time, people use makeup to cover the dark circles which is not ideal solution. Changing life style may help such as get enough sleep, don’t make yourself too tired, eye relaxation techniques, drink more water, avoid sun exposure etc. Facial acupuncture can help blood circulation around the eyes and reduces dark circles under the lower eyelids.
A few research has shown that acupuncture is effective to reduce pain of piriformis syndrome.
Wednesday, 7 November 2018
Acupuncture can help reduce physical and psychological stress. Have you tried?
IBS is a common inflammatory condition that affects the digestive system. It causes symptoms like stomach cramps, bloating, diarrhoea and constipation.
Coeliac disease is a common digestive condition where the intestine can't absorb gluten found in wheat, barley and rye. Eating foods containing gluten can also trigger bloating, diarrhoea, abdominal pain and fatigue.
Constipation is common, and it affects people of all ages. It is often accompanied with a stomach ache and feeling bloated or sick.
Food intolerance can lead to bloating when the bowel doesn't empty properly; the food causes gas to be trapped; too much gas is produced as a reaction to the food. Other associated symptoms include tummy pain, bloating, wind and/or diarrhoea or skin rashes and itching. These symptoms are related to eating the food. Finding out which food that you are intolerant to is the first step to solve the problem.
Acupuncture can help reduce bloating by targeting the causes of the bloating.
Tuesday, 6 November 2018
Avis NE et al Menopause. 2018 Oct 22. doi: 10.1097/GME.0000000000001255. [Epub ahead of print]
Sunday, 4 November 2018
Hormone imbalance. Stress triggers the release of the hormone cortisol, which changes the body metabolism. Consequently, you would see signs of weight changes gaining weight or losing weight in short period of time. Also, you may see acne wouldn’t go away. Cortisol causes skin oil glands making more oil and if the oil is stuck inside hair follicles creating pimples.
Weakening immune system. Stress supress the immune system, cold would not go away or cold come back more frequently. Hair is falling too much because the immune system attacks hair follicles resulting hair loss.
Inflammation and tension in the body. The brain is not sharp causing memory problem because too much cortisol can also make it harder to concentrate. Have headache very often, stress creates muscle tension causing headache. Abdominal pain: stress causes more acid production in the stomach causing bloating and pain in the abdomen. Stress inflames bowels causing diarrhea and constipation.
Acupuncture can reduce stress effectively psychologically and physically.
Friday, 2 November 2018
Thursday, 1 November 2018
Research result is still controversial. Some observation studies have suggested that the level of physical activity is not related to semen quality, but others have. This also depends on the intensity of the exercise level and time spent on the exercise.
Recent studies have reported evidence of decreased sperm concentrations in cyclists and mountain trekkers after periods of intense physical effort. Semen volume tends to increase after training. Furthermore, the sperm count tends to increase after 4 weeks of training (30 minutes per session three times a week for 1 month, at 40% or 80% of the participants maximum heart rate) but to decrease after 60 weeks of high (compared with moderate) intensity training (80% vs. 60% maximal oxygen uptake). The percentage of normal morphology spermatozoa and their motility may also be reduced in athletes undergoing intensive cycling training for 16 weeks running on a treadmill five times a week, for 120 minutes, at 60% to 80% of maximal oxygen uptake, for 60 weeks or trekking in the high mountains for 6 to 8 hours a day for 5 days.
Choosing the exercise level and intensity that suits your needs and helps the sperm quantity and quality is important.
Wednesday, 31 October 2018
There are four types of trigger points
An active trigger point is an area of extreme tenderness that usually lies within the skeletal muscle and which is associated with a local or regional pain.
A latent trigger point is a dormant (inactive) area that has the potential to act like a trigger point. It may cause muscle weakness or restriction of movement.
A secondary trigger point is a highly irritable spot in a muscle that can become active due to a trigger point and muscular overload in another muscle.
A satellite myofascial point is a highly irritable spot in a muscle that becomes inactive because the muscle is in the region of another trigger pain.
Acupuncture can reduce myofascial pain effectively by releasing muscle tension and removing trigger points in the muscles.
Tuesday, 30 October 2018
Drink more water to keep the skin hydrated. Dehydration can damage skin cells. It will make the skin look dull, dry and lack of glow causing premature aging.
Eat more vegetables and fruits to get enough minerals, vitamins and antioxidants which are needed for healthy glowing skin.
Use moisturiser to protect the skin from losing water. Get a moisturiser that is suitable for your skin.
Facial acupuncture can help improve skin circulation, so that the skin can get enough oxygen and nutrients that needed and get rid of toxin that would damage the skin. As a result, it improves skin health to get glowing skin. Also, facial acupuncture can help get rid of pigmentation. This is the key step to make your skin glowing.
Acupuncture can help reduce inflammation and help reduce acne pimples.
Monday, 29 October 2018
Liao H et al Front Hum Neurosci. 2017 Feb 13;11:62. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2017.00062. eCollection 2017.
Pang Y et al Front Hum Neurosci. 2018 May 31;12:104. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2018.00104. eCollection 2018.
Sunday, 28 October 2018
Tennis elbow a condition that causes pain around the outside of the elbow, also known as lateral epicondylitis. It often occurs after strenuous overuse of the muscles and tendons of the forearm on the outside of the elbow joint. If the muscles and tendons are strained, tiny tears and inflammation can develop near the bony lump (the lateral epicondyle) the elbow. The main symptom is notice pain: on the outside of the upper forearm, just below the bend of the elbow, when lifting or bending the arm, when gripping small objects, such as a pen, when twisting the forearm, such as turning a door handle or opening a jar.
Pain that occurs on the inner side of the elbow is often known as golfer's elbow. The cause is similar to tennis elbow. Acupuncture can help to reduce inflammation and pain of tennis or golfer’s elbow. It's also important that you rest your injured arm and stop doing the activity that's causing the pain.
Friday, 26 October 2018
Acupuncture can be used to treat melasma effectively. In a study, patients in the acupuncture treatment group received acupuncture needling on the Yangming meridians. Patients in the control group received oral administration of vitamin C and 3% hydroquinone topical cream. Hydroquinone is a cream used to lighten dark patches of skin. The acupuncture treatment group achieved a total efficacy rate of 82.22% and the drug control group achieved an efficacy rate of 62.50%. The acupuncture treatment did not have any serious adverse effects.
The effect of facial acupuncture on melasma was also studied. In this study, women suffering with melasma were randomly assigned into: 1) facial acupuncture (n = 20); or 2) facial/body acupuncture (n = 21). Each group was given 2 sessions per week for 8 weeks. Melasma area and darkness of its pigmentation were assessed using digital images.
Results have shown that
95.2% and 90% of participants in facial/body and facial acupuncture, respectively, had decreased melasma areas. 66.7% (facial/body acupuncture) and 80.0% (facial acupuncture) of participants had lighter melasma pigmentation compared to their baselines. The conclusion is that facial acupuncture, with or without body acupuncture, was shown to be effective in decreasing the size of melasma areas.
Acupuncture can help with ICF. A research studied the effect of acupuncture on chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and idiopathic chronic fatigue (ICF). The result has shown that 4 weeks in addition to usual care may help improve fatigue in CFS and ICF patients.
Jung-Eun Kim et al Trials. 2015; 16: 314.
Nicholas R. Wawrzyniak, et al Oncotarget. 2016 Aug 16; 7(33): 52695–52709.
Jin-Seok Lee et al https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-31270-3
Thursday, 25 October 2018
A research studied the effect of acupuncture on chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and idiopathic chronic fatigue (ICF). The result has shown that 4 weeks in addition to usual care may help improve fatigue in CFS and ICF patients.
Jung-Eun Kim et al Trials. 2015; 16: 314.
Published online 2015 Jul 26. doi: [10.1186/s13063-015-0857-0]
Types of urinary incontinence include:
Stress incontinence. Urine leaks when there is pressure on the bladder, such as coughing, sneezing, laughing, exercising or lifting.
Urge incontinence. There is a sudden, intense urge to urinate followed by an involuntary loss of urine. A minor condition, such as infection, or a more-severe condition such as a neurologic disorder or diabetes can be the cause of it.
Overflow incontinence. This is caused by the bladder not being emptied completely.
Functional incontinence. A physical or mental impairment keeps you from making it to the toilet in time.
Mixed incontinence. Combination of any types above.
There are many causes for urinary incontinence: Some food and drinks such as alcohol caffeine, chilli peppers and food containing high in spice, sugar, or acid. It can be caused by come medical conditions such as urinary tract infection, constipation enlarged prostate in men, pregnancy and childbirth in women etc.
Risk factors for urinary incontinence include gender, women are more likely to have leaking urine, age, older people turn to get more. Overweight, smoking, having diabetes, and neurological conditions.
Acupuncture is effective to treat urinary incontinence. This is proved by research papers. For example, a new research paper investigated the effect of acupuncture on stress urinary incontinence. The result has shown that after 6 weeks of treatment, the mean 72-h urinary incontinence episode frequency, proportion of participants with at least a 50% decrease in mean 72-h incontinence episode frequency, participant-reported SUI severity, International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form scores, and participants' self-evaluation of therapeutic effects all improved.
Wang W et al World J Urol 2018 Oct 13. doi: 10.1007/s00345-018-2521-2. [Epub ahead of print]
Tuesday, 23 October 2018
A recent study by Helen Langevin a researcher at the University of Vermont has suggested that people with chronic and recurrent low back pain had 25 percent greater fascial thickness than a low back pain-free group. She concluded that increased thickness and disorganization of connective tissue layers may be an important and so-far neglected factor in human LBP pathophysiology. Another study in Skeletal Radiology, 2005,2 found that pathological Achilles tendons showed increased thickness and 89 percent were painful.
Antonio Stecco, MD, recently completed an unpublished study3 using ultrasonography on chronic (longer than 3 months' duration) neck pain patients, evaluating fascial thickness in the distal third of the SCM and scalenus medius. The deep fascia in both muscles were thicker due to the increased amount of loose connective tissue between the layers of the deep fascia (usually three layers) and the loose connective tissue between the deep fascia and the muscle. Study has shown that there was a correlation between the intensity of the pain and the thickness of the fascia compared to the control patients. Besides the thickening of fascia beneath the deep fascia and muscle, there may be thickening between the superficial and deep fascia, and the intramuscular fascia surrounding perimysium and endomysium.
Acupuncture can help reduce chronic pain.
Warren Hammer Dynamic Chiropractic (2012) Vol. 30 Issue 11
Monday, 22 October 2018
To boost your fertility from food aspect, you don’t have to make a long list for what you eat. To make it simple, what you eat need to include a few resources:
1 proteins: Proteins come from fish, meat, bean, nuts, eggs and milk.
2, minerals and vitamins: They come from fruits and vegetables.
3 fibres: They come from whole grains, some fruits and vegetables.
4, unsaturated fat: they come from nuts and seeds, oliver oil,fish, yogurt.
Poor sleep damages body function and potentially causes illness. Heart disease, diabetes, obesity and poor brain function are all linked to bad sleep. Disruption of hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis function by poor sleep can affect fertility in both in women and men. Getting good sleep will help to boost fertility.
Life style changes
Stop smoking, reduce caffeine and alcohol consumption.
About alcohol affecting. It became common knowledge that alcohol affects health. If a couple are trying to conceive, their fertility could be affected by alcohol. There are studies that show the link between alcohol and infertility. Alcohol has negative impact on men’s fertility, such as testicular atrophy, decreased libido, and decreased sperm count, sperm morphology, sperm motility and semen volume. Alcohol has also negative impact on women’s fertility. Though the amount of alcohol is linked to fertility is not clear yet. Study showed that amounts of alcohol ranging one drink a week to 5 units a day can have various effects on fertility, for example, anovulation, luteal phase dysfunction, increased time to pregnancy, decreased probability of conception rate by over 50% and decreased implantation rate, abnormal blastocyst development, increased both the risk of spontaneous abortion and of fetal death.
Is exercise good for your fertility?
In men moderate amount of exercise can be good for their fertility. Study has shown that all sperm parameters are higher in men who did an hour exercise three times a week compared with those who did more frequent and rigorous exercise. Riding bicycle for over five hours per week has negative impact on sperm. In women excessive exercise can have negative effect on their fertility too. Increased frequency, intensity and duration of exercise were significantly related with infertility in women who exercised every day.
Blood flow is reduced in your reproductive system when you exercise
Blood flow (BF) increases with increasing exercise intensity in skeletal, respiratory, and cardiac muscle. In humans during maximal exercise intensities, 85% to 90% of total cardiac output is distributed to skeletal and cardiac muscle. During exercise BF increases modestly and heterogeneously to brain and decreases in gastrointestinal, reproductive, and renal tissues and shows little to no change in skin. If the duration of exercise is sufficient to increase body/core temperature, skin BF is also increased in humans. Because blood pressure changes little during exercise, changes in distribution of BF with incremental exercise are essential approach the body used to supply adequate oxygen to the active skeletal muscles.
Recognise anything unusual related to fertility
In women, if you have irregular cycles, spotting, shorter or longer cycles, chronic abdominal pain, chronic low back pain, severe period pain, these could potentially be a problem of fertility.
In men, sperm checking could identify any problems from sperm.
Blood supply to the reproductive system is key for eggs and sperm to get nutrients and oxygen. Acupuncture increases blood flow to reproductive system and boosts fertility for both women and men. Acupuncture can reduce inflammation and balance hormone to improve eggs and sperm quality.
Saturday, 20 October 2018
Arnouk A et al Curr Urol Rep. 2017 Jun;18(6):47. doi: 10.1007/s11934-017-0694-7.
Friday, 19 October 2018
Ligaments of the Pelvis
Iliolumbar ligament - from tip of transverse process of L5 to posterior aspect of inner lip of iliac crest; strengthens the lumbo-sacral joint.
Lateral lumbosacral ligament
Sacrotuberous ligament- from sacrum to tuberosity of the ischium
Sacrospinous ligament - from ischial spine to lateral margins of the sacrum
Ventral/Anterior sacroiliac ligament- from antero-lateral aspect of sacrum to auricular surface of the ilium
Dorsal/Posterior sacroiliac ligament
Upper portion (short posterior sacroiliac ligament) - from 1st and 2nd transverse tubercles of sacrum to tuberosity of ilium
Lower portion (long posterior sacroiliac ligament) - from 3rd transverse tubercle of sacrum to posterior superior iliac spine (PSIS)
Interosseous sacroiliac ligament- lies deep to posterior SI ligament and runs between the tuberosities of the sacrum and ilium
Ventral/Anterio sacrococcygeal ligament -from anterior surface of sacrum to the front of the coccyx; continuation of the anterior longitudinal ligament of the spine
Dorsal sacrococcygeal ligament
Deep portion - from inside sacral canal at the 5th sacral segment to the dorsal surface of the coccyx; continuation of the psoterior longitudinal ligament of the spine
Superficial portion - from free margin of sacral hiatus to dorsal surface of the coccyx; corresponds with the ligamentum flavum of the spine
Lateral sacrococcygeal ligament - from inferior lateral angle of the sacrum to the transverse process of the 1st coccygeal vertebra
Pubic Symphysis Ligaments
Superior pubic ligament - runs between pubic tubercles
Inferior pubic ligament (aka arcuate public ligament) - runs between inferior pubic rami and blends with fibrocartilagnous disc of pubic symphysis
Anterior pubic ligament
Posterior pubic ligament - membranous structure which blends with periosteum
Endopelvic Fascia - Ligaments
Female: Pubovesical ligaments - attach bladder to pubic symphysis
Male: Puboprostatic ligaments - attach bladder to pubic symphysis
Sacrogenital - these are thickenings of the fascia, not specific ligaments
Uterosacral ligaments - attach upper vagina, upper portion of cervix and uterus to the 3rd sacral vertebra
Cardinal ligaments (aka Mackenrodt's) - attach upper vagina, cervix and uterus to the side walls of the pelvis
Round ligaments - attach uterus to mons pubis
Broad ligaments - attach uterus to medial aspect of the ilium
Uracus ligament - attaches bladder to umbilicus (formed from the remnants of the umbilican vein)
Penile Suspensory Ligaments
Penile Suspensory ligament - attaches to anterior aspect of interpubic disc and divides in two to sling around the penis
Fundiform ligament - extends from inferior linea alba and divides to wrap around the penis
Parietal pelvic fascia - lines the internal surface of the muscles of the pelvic floor and walls
Visceral pelvic fascia - invests each pelvic organ
The parietal and visceral fascia are continuous where organs penetrate the pelvic floor. They thicken to form the arcus tendineus, arches of fascia running adjacent to the viscera from the pubis to the sacrum.
Endopelvic fascia* - meshwork of smooth muscle, ligaments, blood vessels and connective tissue lying between the parietal and visceral fascia, sometimes condensing to form fibrous fascial septa which separate and suspend the organs.
Anatomists use the name subserous fascia whereas surgeons refer to this layer of retroperitoneal fascia as endopelvic fascia.
Hypogastric sheath - separates retropubic space from presacral space; conduit for vessels and nerves
Transverse cerical (cardinal) ligaments - part of hypogastric sheath; runs from lateral pelvic wall to uterine cervix and vagina; transmits uterine artery and provides passive support for the uterus
Thursday, 18 October 2018
Friday, 12 October 2018
sciatic pain or Sciatica is an extremely common pain condition and is estimated to affect around 5 percent of men and 4 percent of women in their lifetimes.
The typical sciatica symptoms are constant pain in only one side of the buttock or leg; it can accompany with numbness, tingling, weakness, and the pain radiates into the foot—largely depend on where the nerve is pinched. Pain that is worse when sitting. A sharp pain that may make it difficult to stand up or walk. Sciatic pain can vary from infrequent and irritating to constant and debilitating.
Recent research discovered that neuroinflammation seen in spinal cord, nerve roots of patients with chronic sciatica. A study by Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators has found that patients with chronic sciatica -- back pain that shoots down the leg -- have evidence of inflammation in key areas of the nervous system. Average levels of a marker of neuroinflammation were elevated in both the spinal cord and the nerve roots of patients with chronic sciatica. The pain can be relieved by steroid injection for some people. The study showed an association between neuroinflammation and response to anti-inflammatory steroid injections, with levels of neuroinflammation differing between those whose pain was and those whose pain was not relieved by steroid injection treatment.
Acupuncture can release sciatic pain effectively.
Acupuncture possible treatment for dental anxiety
A review of six trials with 800 patients studied this subject. A points scale was used to measure anxiety and studies and the result has shown that anxiety reduced by eight points when dental patients were given acupuncture as a treatment. This suggests that acupuncture could be a possibility for tackling dental anxiety.
Thursday, 11 October 2018
These women not only put themselves on the risk during pregnancy by increasing pregnancy complications and they also put their children at risk by traumatizing them losing their parents at young age when they still need to be looked after by their parents. This is common sense.
What does experts say about this?
Fertility psychologists warn that women using IVF to have babies in their fifties and sixties risk traumatising their young children by dying or becoming ill, as well as the serious medical complications they face by becoming pregnant so late in life.
Dr Zweifel said: ‘The drive to be a mother is so strong they don’t think about the problems their child will face until after it is born.
You should be concerned about low progesterone level, if you want to get pregnant. If you don’t have enough progesterone, you may have trouble getting or staying pregnant. If progesterone level is low, the uterine lignin will not develop well and if the lining is not thick enough, the egg won’t implant. Irregular cycles including short cycles, spotting after ovulation, absence of periods are the signs of low progesterone level. This indicates that ovaries are not functioning well. Low progesterone is one of the causes of miscarriage. Pregnancy needs progesterone to support. If progesterone levels are too low, the uterus may not be able to carry the baby to term.
Acupuncture can help, if you have low progesterone. Acupuncture improves ovary circulation and improves follicle development to increase progesterone production.
Wednesday, 10 October 2018
Dr. Shigeaki Hinohara, the physician, chairman emeritus of St. Luke's International University, and honorary president of St. Luke's International Hospital recommended several basic guidelines for living a long, healthy life.
Energy comes from feeling good, not from eating well or sleeping a lot. He said that We all remember how as children, when we were having fun, we often forgot to eat or sleep. I believe that we can keep that attitude as adults, too. It’s best not to tire the body with too many rules such as lunchtime and bedtime.
All people who live long — regardless of nationality, race or gender — share one thing in common: None are overweight. For breakfast I drink coffee, a glass of milk and some orange juice with a tablespoon of olive oil in it. Olive oil is great for the arteries and keeps my skin healthy. Lunch is milk and a few cookies, or nothing when I am too busy to eat. I never get hungry because I focus on my work. Dinner is veggies, a bit of fish and rice, and, twice a week, 100 grams of lean meat.
Others include always plan ahead and keep working, stay healthy and do exercise.
He believes that pain is mysterious, and having fun is the best way to forget it.
Science alone can’t cure or help people. Science lumps us all together, but illness is individual. Each person is unique, and diseases are connected to their hearts. To know the illness and help people, we need liberal and visual arts, not just medical ones.
Tuesday, 9 October 2018
Corby said. “I don’t want to use them because I know what those bathrooms are like and they never have toilet paper,”
“But if you have IC you don’t have the choice to just wait until the next stop. You have to take that chance that you might not ever leave that bathroom.
She has long dealt with a bladder pain syndrome known as interstitial cystitis, which was diagnosed at age 19. It is debilitating, and people weren’t talking about the bladder problems. People tend to get the sense that there is nothing they can do, but live with it and that’s really not true because there are a lot of things you can do to help increase your sense of control over the pain and reduce the frequency and urgency.
Acupuncture appears to be an effective, useful, non-invasive method in IC/BPS patients. A study reviewed a recent research papers and found that acupuncture significantly reduces the 24-h urinary frequency and pain score.
Verghese TS et al Int Urogynecol J (2016) 27:1127-36
Monday, 8 October 2018
Low back pain is a very common condition, but what is the right treatment is still in debate. New research on back pain encourages exercise, shows having back surgery is not necessary and the evidence of benefit from surgery is weak, scans, x-rays, cortisone injections and long-term opioid use are often unhelpful.
Despite this, plenty of people are still going under the knife. Lumbar spine surgery rates are doubling roughly every 10 years, according to University of NSW professor of orthopaedic surgery Ian Harris.
There are however, cheaper, more effective ways to deal with back pain.
Get moving or exercising. Once you have the all clear from a doctor or physiotherapist, you are safe to move. In the case of chronic pain the brain is sensitized. It is over protective and creates a bigger than necessary pain buffer zone. you can still move and exercise within that pain buffer zone, without causing tissue damage, according to University of South Australia professor of clinical neurosciences Lorimer Moseley. Exercise reduces the rate of recurrence by 50 per cent. That's a good reduction. Not a lot of medical treatments are that effective. Experts said that there is no strong evidence that one type of exercise is superior to another, most exercise is beneficial.
Corticosteroid injections reduce sciatica (leg pain associated with back pain) by only five points on a 100-point scale compared to placebo in the short term, with no long term benefit," Associate Professor Hancock said. Professor Harris said that surgery is not best option for ordinary low back pain. Stay of drugs. Try to avoid opioids in almost all cases.
Acupuncture can trigger brain release endorphins to have analgesic effects for back pain.
Acupuncture can help reduce back pain. It is recognised by more people. A research has shown that Acupuncture treatment for back pain increased 22% from 2006-2016. People with back pain who had acupuncture treatment have seen benefit from the treatment.
Riccio B et al ,Front Vet Sci. 2018 Aug 23;5:195. doi: 10.3389/fvets.2018.00195. eCollection 2018.
Saturday, 6 October 2018
7 reasons why acupuncture is good for a migraine based on the research
It provides pain relief – by stimulating nerves located in muscles and other tissues, acupuncture leads to release of endorphins and other neurohumoral factors and changes the processing of pain in the brain and spinal cord (Zhao 2008, Pomeranz, 2001)
It reduces inflammation- increasingly there is evidence that inflammation is associated with a migraine. Acupuncture promotes the release of vascular and immunomodulatory factors that can counter this (Kim, 2008; Kavoussi, 2007; Zijlstra, 2003).
It reduces the degree of cortical spreading depression – This is an electrical wave in the brain associated with a migraine. (Shi, 2010).
It reduces plasma levels of calcitonin gene-related peptide and substance – These are pain-signaling neuropeptides that may be implicated in the pathophysiology of a migraine. (Shi, 2010).
It modulates extracranial and intracranial blood flow – changes in cranial blood flow don’t necessarily initiate migraine pain but may contribute to it. (Park, 2009)
It affects serotonin levels in the brain – serotonin may be linked both to the initiation of migraines and to the relief of acute attacks (through triptans, drugs that promote seretonin levels). (Zhong, 2007)
It increases local microcirculation – This aids the dispersal of swelling. (Komori, 2009)
Study: Teenage pimples may mean success in college, workplace. What do you think about this?
A Ball State University professor studied the link between struggles with teenage acne and higher levels of educational achievement and higher earnings. In a study to be published in the Journal of Human Capital, economics professor Erik Nesson provides what he sees as a comforting sense of reassurance that problems for pimple-prone teens may clear up in the long run as they secure success.
The point that he was making is that kids battling acne tend to feel less socially accepted and participate less in sports clubs and more in non-sports clubs, which hints at “a possible shift from physical to intellectual pursuits.”Rather than push themselves socially, teens with acne may feel compelled to focus more on their studies, which may elevate their educational attainment. Women may also go on to reap higher earnings, according to the first-of-its-kind study.
Have you tried acupuncture to treat your acne? Acupuncture is effective for reducing acne breakouts and acne scarring. A research has shown that after 12 acupuncture treatment sessions, there was a significant reduction in the inflammatory acne lesion counts.
Son BK et al Acupunct Med. 2010 Sep;28(3):126-9. doi: 10.1136/aim.2010.003004.
Friday, 5 October 2018
FDA approves Seysara™, a New Chemical Entity for moderate to severe acne [news release]. Barcelona, Spain; October 2, 2018: Almirall website. https://www.almirall.com/en/media/press-releases/media-detail-new?title=fda-approves-seysaratm-a-new-chemical-entity-for-moderate-to-severe-acne&articleId=3540239. Accessed October 3, 2018.
FDA Approves SEYSARA (Sarecycline) for Inflammatory Lesions of Non-Nodular Moderate to Severe Acne Vulgaris in Patients 9 Years of Age and Older [news release]. Silver Spring, MD; October 3, 2018: FDA Office of Clinical Pharmacology, Office of Translational Sciences, CDER.
Is there other option for treating acne without antibiotics? Yes, acupuncture is effective for reducing acne breakouts and acne scarring. A research has shown that after 12 acupuncture treatment sessions, there was a significant reduction in the inflammatory acne lesion counts.
Son BK et al Acupunct Med. 2010 Sep;28(3):126-9. doi: 10.1136/aim.2010.003004.
Thursday, 4 October 2018
More than 58,000 digital pregnancy tests have been recalled after some wrongly told women they were expecting.
Women who have bought the Clear & Simple test, manufactured by Guangzhou Wondfo Biotech, are being advised to return it.
The Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency "strongly encourage" women to report issues with the test, which has been distributed in the UK.
The specific lot number of the affected tests is on and inside the packaging.
Description - Clear and Simple Digital Pregnancy Test
Catalogue Number - DM-102
Lot Number - DM10220170710E
Expiry Date - January 2020
A recall notice from the manufacturer dated 1 September said this particular batch of tests was "producing a number of false positive results".
Dr Duncan McPherson, clinical director of medical devices at the UK's Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency, said: "Patient safety is our highest priority.
"We strongly encourage anyone to report any issues with this product, or more generally with any medical device, to our Yellow Card Scheme.
"If you have any questions about using digital pregnancy tests, please speak to your healthcare professional."
Positive results in normal circumstances are almost always correct, the NHS advises, while a negative test result is less reliable.
When your back is painful, what do you do about it? Do you take pills? Do you go for acupuncture? What else do you do? Do you take placebo pills?
A recent research studied the effect of placebo pills to back pain. 100 people with back pain participated the study. All the volunteers had suffered for years and felt their current medication wasn't up to the job. These people were randomly split into two groups. One group received no more than nine minutes and 22 seconds with the GP to discuss their back before being given a supply of pills and hustled out - that's the length of an average GP consultation. The other group was given more than twice as long. These people were given placebo pills (fake pills) which contain no pain killers’ drugs. Three weeks later, half of people reported significant relief from taking the pills - even though they were fake. And the time they spent with the doctor had a substantial effect on the outcome, with people benefitting from having a longer consultation with their GP.
Why this happened? research has shown that taking a placebo can trigger the release of endorphins from the brain- natural painkillers that are similar in structure to morphine.
It is like acupuncture, acupuncture can trigger brain release endorphins to have analgesic effects.
NICE guidelines for chronic primary pain The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) provides national guidance and advice ...
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